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Statistical models of appearance for eye tracking and eye-blink detection and measurement

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3 Author(s)
Bacivarov, I. ; Dept. Electron. Eng., Nat. Univ. of Ireland, Galway ; Ionita, M. ; Corcoran, P.

A statistical active appearance model (AAM) is developed to track and detect eye blinking. The model has been designed to be robust to variations of head pose or gaze. In particular we analyze and determine the model parameters which encode the variations caused by blinking. This global model is further extended using a series of sub-models to enable independent modeling and tracking of the two eye regions. Several methods to enable measurement and detection of eye-blink are proposed and evaluated. The results of various tests on different image databases are presented to validate each model.

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Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 3 )